1. As requested, Van Rappard sent Van Gogh a list of (duplicate) prints; he would also have told him which illustrated magazines he subscribed to (cf. l. 48 and letters 267 and 268).
2. Van Rappard must have written about the illustrated book That beautiful wretch. A Brighton story by William Black (New York 1881). This light-hearted novel is set in middle-class circles in and around the resort of Brighton. Vivacious and intelligent Anne (Nan) Beresford falls in love with Lieutenant Frank King. At first she feels a strong urge to be independent, but in the end they marry. Van Gogh later mentions several prints from this book; see letter 311, nn. 8 and 9.
3. Very probably the American artist Davidson Knowles.
4. Van Gogh means the 48-page ‘Holiday Number’ of The Illustrated London News which – according to an advertisement in the 24 June number (p. 606) – had appeared on 27 June 1882. It contains illustrations to the novel They were married! by Walter Besant and James Rice, among them designs by Richard Caton Woodville (ii) – the picture on the cover, engraved by William James Palmer (Ill. 1961 ), also on p. 16 – and by Davidson Knowles, such as Maude and Virginie examining old prints at the towers, engraved by Richard and Edward Taylor (p. 28). Ill. 1962 . (Copy Amsterdam, Van Gogh Museum Library).
5. Henry Lerolle, Au bord de la rivière (At the riverside), engraved by Jules Louis Laurent Langeval, in Le Monde Illustré 25 (24 September 1881), p. 201. Ill. 1049 . The print was also included in L’Univers Illustré 25 (20 May 1882), p. 313; Van Gogh may have had the engraving from this magazine, since he also had Une route à Hong Kong (A road in Hong Kong) by Edward Hildebrandt from the issue of L’Univers Illustré that preceded it (t*647).
6. William Small, In the park (source unknown– most probably The Graphic). Ill. 1963 . (London, Witt Library).
7. William Small, ‘An odd couple’ – The Eton and Harrow cricket match, in The Graphic 12 (1875), Christmas number, p. 23. Ill. 1964 . It is an illustration for the story ‘An odd couple’ by Mrs. Oliphant.
8. C. Robinson, The romance of a rescue, engraved by Joseph Swain, in The Illustrated London News 65 (16 December 1874), Christmas number, p. 12. It is an illustration for the story ‘The romance of a rescue’ by W.W. Fenn. Ill. 1283 (t*409). The title could also refer to C. Robinson, The Troedyrhiw colliery accident: Rescued!, in The Illustrated London News 70 (28 April 1877), p. 385. Ill. 1965 . (t*686). The estate has one copy of each print.
9. Henry Robert Robertson, Christmas on the “Wave”, in The Illustrated London News 65 (16 December 1874), Christmas number, p. 17. Ill. 1281 .
10. Emile Renouf, Un coup de main (A helping hand), engraved by Charles Baude, in Le Monde Illustré 25 (22 October 1881), p. 265. Ill. 1265 .
11. Given that Van Gogh cites several prints from volume 24 of L’Univers Illustré, among them Overend’s Le thé dans la serre (see n. 27 below), here he probably means the anonymous portrait engraving George Washington, premier président des Étas-Unis d’Amérique (George Washington, first president of the United States of America) in L’Univers Illustré 24 (8 October 1881), pp. 688-689. Ill. 502 .
12. William Heysham Overend, Hopes and fears, in Harper’s Weekly 25 (‘for the week ending December 17’, 1881), ‘Extra supplement’, p. 860. Ill. 1212 .
13. Philip Richard Morris, The mowers, in The Graphic 12 (28 August 1875), p. 197. Ill. 1182 .
14. In the estate there is the wood engraving Berliner Bilder; Ueberrumpelung einer Verbrecherspelunke durch die Polizei (Scenes from Berlin; The police surprise a den of thieves), after a design by Carl Koch, from Illustrirte Zeitung 77 (24 September 1881), p. 259. Ill. 1967 (t*778). In volume 77 of this ‘Wöchentliche Nachrichten’, which covered science, business and theatre as well as art, there are four prints that Van Gogh mentions, three in this letter and one in letter 311.
15. Carl Koch, Berliner Bilder: Die Ruderregatta auf dem Langensee bei Grünau am 11. September (Scenes from Berlin; A rowing regatta on Langensee near Grünau on 11 September). In Illustrirte Zeitung 77 (1 October 1881), p. 288. Ill. 1966 .
16. Paul Friedrich Meyerheim, Affenakademie. Nach dem Gemälde von Paul Meyerheim auf Holz gezeichnet von R. Friese (Monkey Academy. After the painting by Paul Meyerheim, drawn on wood by Richard Friese), in Illustrirte Zeitung 77 (5 November 1881), p. 405. Ill. 1153 .
17. Ludwig Knaus, Schweinchen. Gemälde von Ludwig Kraus. Nach einer Photographie aus dem Verlag von Fr. Hanfstängl in München (Piglets. Painting by Ludwig Kraus. After a photograph published by Franz Hanfstängl in Munich), in Illustrirte Zeitung 77 (29 October 1881), p. 374. Ill. 1014 . The work was also known under the title Les petits cochons; see the engraving by Th. Knesing in Gazette des Beaux-Arts 25 (1882), 2nd series, p. 273.
18. Francis Montague Holl, Home again, in The Illustrated London News 79 (3 September 1881), ‘Extra supplement’, between pp. 236 and 237. Ill. 945 . A print by Eugène Fromentin appeared in Harper’s Weekly 25 (‘for the week ending Sept. 3’, 1881), pp. 600-601.
19. Possibly a print after the drawing Dans les dunes de Scheveningen (In the dunes at Scheveningen) 1848 (present whereabouts unknown). See Franken and Obreen 1894, p. 19, cat. no. 107. Cf. also cat. nos. 104a-107a. It is also possible that this refers to Rochussen’s lithograph ‘Een landschap met figuren’ (A landscape with figures) which had been in Kunstkronijk 12 (1851), between pp. 8 and 9. Ill. 1287 .
20. Albert Gustaf Aristides Edelfelt, Chez l’artiste (At the artist’s), engraved by Charles Baude after the painting with the same title at the Salon of 1881, in Le Monde Illustré 25 (17 September 1881), p. 181. Ill. 90 .
Merry Christmas is listed on the same line as the name Edelfelt, but no work with this title has been found in his oeuvre. Van Gogh probably meant Charles Stanley Reinhart, “Merry Christmas to you, old barebones!”, engraved by Frank French, in Harper’s Weekly 26 (16 December 1882), pp. 800-801. Ill. 1257 . Moreover, the words ‘A Merry Christmas’ are found on Francis Wilfred Lawson, Children of the great city, in The Graphic 15 (14 April 1877), p. 337; there is one copy of this in the estate. Ill. 1968 . (t*270).
22. Alfred Edward Emslie, In sight of home: Christmas morning, engraved by Eugène Froment, in The Illustrated London News 77 (1880), Christmas Number, p. 12. Ill. 813 .
23. Samuel Urrabieta Vierge, Autour de l’exposition de l’électricité (Around the electricity exhibition) in Le Monde Illustré 25 (22 October 1881), p. 269. Ill. 1396 . Samuel was a brother of Daniel Urrabieta Vierge; he did a portrait of Daniel for La Vie Moderne (TB).
24. Paul Adolphe Kauffmann, Les élections en Alsace-Lorraine – Maison d’école à Wissembourg pendant le scrutin (The elections in Alsace-Lorraine – School in Wissembourg during the count), in Le Monde Illustré 25 (5 November 1881), p. 301. Ill. 1008 .
25. Heywood Hardy, Le medecin de campagne (The village doctor), in L’Univers Illustré 24 (10 December 1881), p. 829. Ill. 919 . The print may originally have been in The Illustrated London News, because various prints went from there to L’Univers Illustré. It is noteworthy that in the present letter Van Gogh refers to several other engravings from volume 24 of L’Univers Illustré – in other words, he may have translated the title into English himself.
26. The title Christmas hymn is too general for the print to be identified. Cf. in this connection [Anonymous], Christmas in Canada – Amateur carol singing at Longueuil on the St. Lawrence, in The Graphic 14 (30 December 1876), p. 645.
27. W.H. Overend, Le thé dans la serre (Teatime in the conservatory), engraved by William James Palmer, in L’Univers Illustré 24 (8 October 1881), p. 693. Ill. 1210 . The same print had also been in The Illustrated London News 79 (20 August 1881), p. 165 under the title Afternoon tea.
28. Francis Montague Holl, Discipline and dissipation, in The Graphic 19 (26 April 1879), pp. 416-417. Ill. 1969 .
29. Francis Montague Holl,“Bereaved”, in The Graphic 25 (29 April 1882), Supplement, between pp. 436 and 437. Below it the following verse: ‘By hope unsoothed, by comfort unbeguiled, / The widowed mother mourneth o’er her child, / Talk not of joys the world may yet confer, / That tiny baby was all the world to her’. Ill. 939 .
30. Francis Montague Holl,“Summoned for active service”, in The Graphic 19 (11 January 1879), pp. 32-33. Ill. 952 .
31. See for Home again : n. 18 above.
32. Arthur Hopkins, A fancy ball on the ice, in The Graphic 19 (8 March 1879), pp. 232-233. Ill. 956 .
33. Arthur Hopkins, “Charity en fête” A sketch at the fancy bazaar in the aid of the Royal National Hospital for diseases of the chest, Ventnor, in The Graphic 19 (28 June 1879), pp. 624-625. Ill. 955 .
34. Edwin Buckman, People waiting for ration tickets in Paris, in The Graphic 2 (19 November 1870), p. 489. Van Gogh evidently managed to get hold of it, because there is a copy in the estate. Ill. 660 (t*143). Since Van Rappard gave the title in German, he probably saw it in a German magazine.
35. It is not clear which print Van Rappard meant by Hubert von Herkomer’s Schwierigkeiten (Hardships). The graphic work after Herkomer includes various examples of poor people who have a hard time of it. Cf. Lee MacCormick Edwards, Herkomer. A Victorian artist. Aldershot 1999. It may be the German version of In trouble. This is the title of an original etching published by Maison Goupil (Bordeaux, Musée Goupil). Ill. 180 . Cf. the advertisement in their ‘Publications nouvelles’ in April 1879, p. 2.
36. W.H. Overend, The British arctic expedition – Sunday morning on board the “Alert”, in midwinter. This print of ‘the Sunday performance of divine service on board of the discovery ship Alert’, on her way to the North Pole, was in Harper’s Weekly 20 (9 December 1876), pp. 992-993 (quotation on p. 991) Ill. 1211 .
37. Félix Régamey or Guillaume Régamey.
38. Probably a reference to the illustrator Louis Boulanger, who worked for L’Artiste and Le Magasin Pittoresque among others.
39. Charles Paul Renouard, Les régates d’automne à Argenteuil – Les dernières courses à la voile (Autumn regatta at Argenteuil – The last sailing races), engraved by Frederick William Moller, in Le Monde Illustré 23 (22 November 1879), pp. 332-333. Ill. 398 .
40. Pascal Adolphe Jean Dagnan-Bouveret, En automne – Un charmeur au jardin des Tuileries (In autumn – A bird charmer in the Jardin des Tuileries), engraved by Charles Baude, in Le Monde Illustré 25 (5 November 1881), pp. 296-297. Ill. 736 .
41. G. Montbard, Mendiants algériens à la porte d’une mosquee (Algerian beggars at the door of a mosque), engraved by Eugène Froment, in L’Univers Illustré 24 (24 September 1881), p. 656-657. Ill. 1176 .
42. This was in March 1881: see letter 164.
43. In volume 24 of L’Univers Illustré (1881) each month there was a print by Montbard with the current month as its subject. The engravings are on pp. 5, 84, 148, 244, 293, 372, 437, 540, 621, 669, 756 and 885. The month illustrated is March. Ill. 1177 .
44. There are five prints by Charles Joseph Staniland in the estate: Landing fish at Billingsgate market, in The Illustrated London News 79 (12 November 1881), p. 484 (two copies: t*438 and t*595); The war, waiting at Le Mans for a train to Tours, in The Illustrated London News 57 (22 October 1870), p. 421 (t*596); The Risca colliery explosion – The two widows, 1860 and 1880, in The Graphic 22 (31 July 1880), p. 116 (t*135); and The land agitation in Ireland – The widow and the assassin, in The Graphic 23 (1 January 1881), p. 4 (t*561).
45. In the estate there are two prints by John Charles Dollmann, The distress in Ireland – The Duke of Edinburgh and the officers of the relief squadron visiting the sick off the West Coast, in The Graphic 21 (15 May 1880), p. 496 (t*220), Ill. 1983 , and London sketches, an opium den at East End (see letter 235, n. 38).
46. Frank Dadd indeed frequently signed with the monogram ‘FD’, but there were several other artists who also signed with these two letters. See Peter Nahum, Monograms of Victorian & Edwardian artists. Salisbury 1976, p. 97.
47. Below the print is John McL. Ralston’s monogram J.Mc.L.R. Sketches in Scotland: Arrival of the coach at the Fife Arms, Braemar; engraved by Joseph Swain, in The Illustrated London News 77 (2 October 1880), p. 341. Ill. 1971 . See also letter 359. The wood engraving also appeared as La saison de voyages – Un relais de diligences en Ecosse in L’Univers Illustré 24 (16 July 1881), p. 501. This version is in the estate (t*650).
48. John McL. Ralston, Sketches in Braemar: Salmon-spearing on the Dee, in The Illustrated London News 77 (6 November 1880), p. 452. Ill. 1972 .
49. Van Gogh’s description ‘large things from Ireland’ refers to Richard Caton Woodville’s double-page engraving Disturbed Ireland: A visit from ‘Rory of the hills’; engraved by William James Palmer, in The Illustrated London News 78 (22 January 1881), pp. 80-81. Ill. 1428 . The commentary talks about ‘nocturnal visits’ (p. 82).
50. The estate has seven prints by Richard Caton Woodville (ii), all from The Illustrated London News 76-78 (1880-1881). Six sheets have Ireland as their subject, namely, in the series ‘The State of Ireland’: Scene outside the courthouse, Galway, in The Illustrated London News 76 (14 February 1880), p. 153 (Ill. 1973 ) (t*181), Serving a process near Headford Galway (t*820) and Women carrying home meal-sacks from the relief, in The Illustrated London News 77 (20 November 1880), p. 497 (Ill. 1974 ) (t*183); and also Irish sketches: a fisherman’s cabin in Connemara (t*182), An Irish obstructionist. A sketch on the road, Connemara, in The Illustrated London News 76 (21 February 1880), p. 169 (Ill. 1975 ) (t*819) and A private shave in County Galway (t*570). In addition, in letter 278 Van Gogh mentions The State of Ireland: Distributing relief tickets in the turf-market, Westport, County Mayo .
51. The estate has five prints after the work of Aloysius O’Kelly, all on political Irish subjects. O’Kelly worked for The Illustrated London News as a ‘special artist’ during the Irish Land War in the 1880’s; some of his designs were engraved by Frank Dadd. Three come from the series ‘La ligue agraire en Irlande’ (The Irish Land League), engraved by William Michael Roberts Quick: Désarmement des habitants d’un district en état de siège; Prison de Kilmainham, à Dublin (Disarming the inhabitants of a district under siege; Kilmainham Prison, Dublin) (t*216) and Labourage de la terre d’un fermier emprisonné (Working the land of an imprisoned farmer) (Ill. 1981 ) (t*449). They appeared in L’Univers Illustré 24 (18 June 1881). Two are from the series ‘L’Ouverture de la session du tribunal agraire en Irlande’ (The opening of the session of the Irish Land Tribunal): Une propriétaire venant au tribunal sous la protection de la police (A landowner comes to court under police protection) (t*33) and Une séance du tribunal à Claremorris (A session of the Claremorris court) (t*35); engraved by Tilly, from L’Illustration 78 (3 December 1881), pp. 368-369. Ill. 1982 . The last two prints were also in The Illustrated London News 79 (26 November 1881), pp. 525 (t*214), 528. Cf. Niamh O’Sullivan, ‘Painters and illustrators: Aloysius O’Kelly and Vincent van Gogh’, Irish Arts Review 14 (1998), pp. 134-139; see also n. 53 below.
52. The estate has 15 prints by Edward John Gregory, all from The Graphic (1870-1875); but none has an Irish subject.
53. The estate has 12 prints by Frank Dadd on Irish themes. Some of them were engraved after designs by Aloysius O’Kelly; sometimes there were prints by both artists on the same page. The wood engravings date from 1880-1881 and most are from The Illustrated London News, among them Posting the government proclamation in Connemara; engraved by Richard and Edward Taylor, in The Illustrated London News 79 (19 November 1881), p. 493. Ill. 1976 . (t*568). Van Gogh also had Tenanciers consultant leur curé from L’Illustration 78 (3 December 1881), p. 368 (t*33) as Consulting the priest: A sketch at Claremorris, County Mayo, in The Illustrated London News 79 (26 November 1881), p. 525. Ill. 1977 . (t*214). See also n. 51 above.
54. This rubbish dump was near to the gasworks, so just behind N.W. Binnensingel. The thought of Buckman must refer to A London dustyard (see letter 273, n. 5). Ill. 658 (see letter 273, n. 5).
55. Probably an allusion to H.C. Andersen’s fairy tale ‘The old street lamp’, in which a discarded lamp is put to use in the living room of two old folks. In numerous stories and tales by Andersen objects come to life.
56. An allusion to the painting Chill October by John Millais: see letter 122, n. 19.
57. In 1881 odd issues of The Illustrated London News cost sixpence (then 0.30 guilders); a current volume in odd issues would thus cost 15.60 guilders.
58. The butcher Louis Vincent Royer and his wife Françoise Virginie Seynave had a ‘Boucherie modèle et bouillon’ at 15-17 rue Chapeliers (SAB).
59. No drawing of a soup distribution to the poor is known from this period.
60. The Walloon quarter of Brussels was named after place des Wallons, which had been there since the Middle Ages, close to rue Haute and rue Blaes; although the square no longer existed after 1853, the district kept its name.
Old man with an umbrella seen from the back (F - / JH 214), letter sketch in letter 268.
62. William Lionel Wyllie, The funeral of the Late Prince Louis Napoleon, in The Graphic 20 (19 July 1879), p. 49 (cover). Ill. 1430 .